Open standards enable manufacturers to achieve the goal of holistic and adaptive automation system architectures. Germany’s “Industrie 4.0” initiative ignited worldwide cooperative efforts among European countries, China, Japan, and India. The Internet of Things (IoT) is having a big influence on standards for industrial sites, because many commercial application requirements match those for manufacturing: real-time responsiveness, sensing, ruggedness, and open communications.
History has proven the impact: In the computer industry, the transition to open source standards resulted in a significantly larger selection of lower-cost hardware and advanced software that did not require programming. This increased the number of applications possible (again, think spreadsheets) and expanded the industry dramatically. Manufacturers should not hesitate to follow their example.
The influx of open standards–based hardware and software is shifting implementation of industrial automation system functions to users. There are increasing numbers of people newly entering the industry who are already using IoT sensors, cloud computing, and edge computing to create more responsive applications for control and automation. The collaboration of industrial automation veterans with young professionals who understand the open IoT and computing industry technologies have led to the creation of highly effective solutions.
Manufacturing open-architecture initiatives are driving industrial control and automation standards. There is a great degree of cooperation and partnering among these groups and with the computer industry. See key drivers (below) for some of the more prominent examples.
By Bill Lydon, Automation.com Contributing Editor
Key Elements and Drivers
For ISA Members and Leaders
ISA Interchange Blog - 7 August 2020
ISA95 arose during Industry 3.0, but in my personal opinion, Industry 4.0 doesn't challenge ISA95. Rather, Industry 4.0 is a powerful tool that can take ISA95 into new areas by leveraging its structure, its definitions, and its teachings. ISA95 heavily references people, process, materials, and so on. These are the core concerns of industrial operations, and they have not changed.
InTech Magazine - July/August 2020
ISA Interchange Blog - 14 April 2020
Internationally recognized functional safety standards have been developed and adopted to increase equipment and process safety. The primary goal of these standards is to develop a continuous improvement approach to safety system management and enable end users to understand the safety status of their assets.
Building a Resilient World: Practical Automation Cybersecurity - 20 March 2020
Industrial control systems and IT systems differ in subtle yet important ways. For example, effective cybersecurity for industrial control systems (ICS) must address a range of complex concerns in the physical world—in addition to the cyber threats that IT systems face. In the event of a cyberattack, ICS risk dire consequences, including public endangerment; damage to equipment, products, or the environment; and even loss of life.
ISA Interchange Blog - 19 March 2020
As COVID-19 shutters manufacturing plants in North America and around the world, GM, Ford, and Tesla are all considering plans to start building critical medical equipment, such as ventilators, for patients with the most acute cases of the virus.